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Four "often" reported symptoms were urinary frequency (52.2 ), tiredness (45.5 ), poor sleep (27.5 ) and back pain (19.5 ). Among the women surveyed, 16.2 claimed to sometimes or often be incontinent. Referrals to the incontinence nurse increased > 8 fold during the study period. Conclusions: The PSI provides a comprehensive inventory of pregnancy related symptoms, with a mechanism for assessing
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Dents of domestic violence of women, 46 sustained minor physical injuries, 20 moderate physical injuries and 6 severe physical injuries [39]. In Ireland, a study found that 46 of women attending the general practice who experienced violent behavior had been injured [22].The proportion of emotional distress and suicidal thought behaviors and attempts among physically abused women this study was
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Ing/burning Pat year (overall) Moderate physical violence (overall) Slapping on face* Pushing/shaking/throwing something* Twisting arm/pulling hair* Severe physical violence (overall) Hitting with fist/something Kicking/dragging Threatening/attacking with knife or gun Choking/burning*Moderate physical act. Severe physical act.Frequency of violence Once No. ( ) 2 ?5 times No. ( ) No. >5 times ( )(
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N expectedly cannot speak freely. To our knowledge, this study is the first survey in Erbil city to assess the past year IPV. Prevalence of past year IPV in this study (45.3 ) is similar to those reported in Baghdad (44 ) [14], and in Omdurman, Sudan (41.6 ) [26]. However, it is lower than that reported in Madina, Saudi Arabia (58.7 ) [12] and higher than that reported in China 26 [20] and Esfaha
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Foxcroft et al. BMC PregnancyT at www.biomedcentral.com/submitFoxcroft et al. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013, 13:3 http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-2393/13/RESEARCH ARTICLEOpen AccessDevelopment and validation of a pregnancy symptoms inventoryKatie F Foxcroft1, Leonie K Callaway2, Nuala M Byrne3* and Joan WebsterAbstractBackground: Physical symptoms are common in pregnancy and are
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N water bath for 4 h at 55 . The sample was filtered and extracted again with 200 ml of 20 ethanol. Then by keeping it in water bath for some time, the volume dropped down to 40 ml. The sample was then transferred into a separating funnel and added 20 ml diethyl ether to it with vigorous shaking. Both the diethyl ether and aqueous layers were separated. The aqueous layer was mixed with 60 ml of n
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Ps were very similar by the studied background characteristics. Table 2 gives the prevalence of vasomotor symptoms according to a cross-sectional analysis. At the time of recruitment, about two thirds of the women reported vasomotor symptoms, and about a half regarded them as bothersome. In the survey a year later, less (53 ) of women reported vasomotor symptoms and a third found them bothersome.
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To carry out the study. A verbal informed consent was obtained from each participant. The guidelines of the WHO including the importance of ensuring confidentiality and privacy were followed [13].Statistical analysisThis cross-sectional study was conducted in Erbil city between the 1st of October 2009 and the 30th of March 2011. A convenience sample of 800 Kurdish women aged 16?5 years attending t